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Central Intelligence Agency and the United States Government Involvement in Chiles 1973 Coup

According to Mirza (270), the intention of the operation was to make the Chileans aware of dangers of the Marxist regime which was to come with Allende’s reign. Allende was a member of the Socialist Party of Chile and he was the Popular Unity between the coalition of communists, socialists, radicals and the Christian Democrats. A Marxist, Allende’s program was to nationalize most of the banks and private industries. He also programmed massive land expropriation as well as collectivization. His opposers included Radomiro Tomic of the Christian Democratic Party and Jorge Alessandri. Allende received 36% of the vote winning over Alessandri (34%) and Tomic (27%). Allende won the majority but had votes that were less than the popular vote which did not meet the requirements set out in the constitution. The controversy behind Allende’s victory was that he was against the United States’ national interest over Chile.
In spite of pressure from the United States, supporters of Allende together with Christian Democrats voted for Allende. Soon after the elections, the government of the United States disapproved the elections and put economic sanctions on Chile. On the 15th of September, US President Nixon authorized the release of ten million dollars to the Central Intelligence Agency to unseat Allende. The action was to take place without notifying the Department of State Defense or the US ambassador in Chile. The CIA took various actions, for instance, it made overtures to foreign governments against Salvador’s presidency.
According to Hastedt (80), the CIA also circulated propaganda for local media placement which aimed at mobilizing support to raise public opposition against Allende.