7). These developments involve an exceptional change of the urban world away from the north-west to the east and south. With reference to specific examples from the developing world, this paper will analyze some of the dangers to health posed by rapid urbanization. The paper will also discuss some of the available solutions to the problems caused and how realistic are they.
In a majority of our nations, the health of urban center settlers has enhanced through better access to healthcare and education, targeted public-health interventions, as well as better living conditions. One significant example was the case study conducted in Surat City, India (Calo 2014, p. 43). Nevertheless, when urbanization is fast and unintentional, a blend of poverty, population density and lack of infrastructure, particularly waste and water management, can generate the conditions and circumstances that lead to issues such as the spread of communicable diseases. Nearly 700 million city settlers go through inadequate sanitation (World Economic Forum 2015, p. 1). The issue is specifically prone in south-central Asian, as well as Sub-Saharan Africa, wherein 43% and 62%, respectively, of the urban dwellers, reside in slums (World Economic Forum 2015, p. 1). According to researchers, these situations lead to enhanced risks of worm infection, illnesses, cholera, plus diarrhea, which is a major cause of preventable death in Africa children. Diarrhea also spreads infectious illnesses like Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) plus H1N1 influenza (World Economic Forum 2015, p. 1). As researchers anticipate the dwellers in slums to increase in addition to the rising complexity of transport networks between urban centers, the spread of such infectious illnesses could take place faster than anticipate and can be tough to manage.