Sometimes it is also treated as a particular collective right, distinct from individual rights. It is a disputed principle in ethics, with some arguing that no such entitlement exists, other than perhaps the right to resist or secede from tyranny.
United Nations has stated clearly in its International Covenant On Civil And Political Rights that all peoples have the right of self-determination. All people, by virtue of this right, may freely determine their political status and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development. all peoples may, for their own ends, freely dispose of their natural wealth and resources without prejudice to any obligations arising out of international economic cooperation, based upon the principle of mutual benefit, and international law. in no case may a people be deprived of its own means of subsistence. The States Parties to the present Covenant, including those having responsibility for the administration of Non-Self-Governing and Trust Territories, therefore, shall endorse the recognition of the right of self determination, and shall pay reverence to that right, in conformity with the provisions of the Charter of the United Nations.
Before going into further details about the right to self determination and China’s policy towards it, it would be better to have some ideas about the political system and the political thoughts of China. It would provide a better understanding regarding China’s stand on the issue of self-determination.
The Chinese political institution considers China as a single centralized state embracing all persons of Sinic culture, who are united under a common social order and a common political dispensation, with no exceptions. This Chinese polity is the oldest continuous one, which has survived since ancient times. A significant aspect of China is its long national history. In China, the imperial dynastic system prevailed for a long period. In