Crime prevention environmental design can be described as a significant breakthrough in the housing through which the inculcation of safety considerations of crime prevention in the design of urban housing occurs. The achievement in the evolution of public housing and crime prevention, to become a reliable dynamic that governs contemporary housing and construction, has been long in terms of time. Incidentally, research indicates that appropriate design and effective application of built environment can lead to a reduction, in the prospect for crime as well as dread of crime. Similarly, architects, builders along with planners can manipulate the establishment of safer localities and communities through indulgence in building and construction. Hence, it is evident from research that, through articulate designs, the housing can be transformed to include crime prevention mechanisms. The development of Crime Prevention through Environmental Design (CPTED) marked the beginning of crime prevention techniques in the housing (Crowe amp. National Crime Prevention Institute, 2000). A lot of polishing and improving made by several authors and contributors, to this model incepted in the 1970’s, has seen the transformation of public housing. In essence, CPTED significantly represents the evolution of public housing and crime prevention environmental design.
CPTED is an expansive approach to discouraging criminal behavior via environmental design. The mechanisms of CPTED depend on the capacity to influence criminal choices that occur before the crime. CPTED has evolved in contemporary constructions, which primarily prevail in the built environment. Descriptively, CPTED is a strategy towards planning and development that decreases chances of crime. CPTED entails building design and construction that guarantees safety via the use of plan principles that sophisticated the prevalence and the possibility of criminal activities in homes, parks,neighborhoods, streets, and communities.