Basically the urban spatial planning is provided by the local government and country planning system in order to use it optimum manner (Valler, Wood, amp. North, 2000).
Urban spatial planning is regarded as integration of both the land use and transport planning in order to develop the area economically and socially. Thus spatial planning in urban areas is not a single tool, process and activity and it consists of urban renewal which would already lack in investment with fewer developments (Jessop, 1990). In fact it identifies strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats throughout the particular area and proposes how it can be developed with some distinctive approaches in order to address the desired objective. This report would concentrate on spatial planning in urban areas and would delineate a series of suggestions for the improvement of physical arrangements in existing urban area, thus obviating the need for occupy the strategic resources.
The local government’s current plan is to efficient use of lands in the urban areas which would goes beyond the traditional system of land use planning and integrate policies and regulations which has been necessitated by sustainable development and sustainable communities. Thus urban spatial planning assumes a very complex dimension against the backdrop of rising uncertainties in the external environment (Jessop, 2002). This report will have a strategic focus on the outcomes related to spatial planning in urban areas perspectives and will outline in good measure the type of accommodation that enhances the land use performance paradigm of the local government, while location, the role of planners and other variables have a very clear impact on the land use planning. A dynamic feature of this aspect of the urban spatial planning is the particular government’s ability or inability to add value to existing land capability. Therefore it’s the bounden duty of the urban planner to examine and adopt innovative land use techniques to achieve sustainable development including, community welfare and economic and social development (Midttun, 2005).
Urban spatial planning can be identified as wider spectrum of activities, processes, tools and decisions which actively impacts on the urban renewal and rehabilitation. Thus it consist set of spatial planning activities along with different actors and agencies which would drive to the sustainable development in the area (Cochrane, 1991). In fact spatial planning in urban areas would not isolate from the public policies as well as it became as an important instrument to identify market failures, minimize the negative externalities and maximizing the positive externalities when providing the public goods and infrastructure facilities to the community.
2.1. A regulationist approach in change in regeneration policy
A regulationist approach is characterized by a system of rules and regulations that imposes certain constraints on the spatial planning process. For instance the British regulationist approach has many elements from regional planning bodies incorporated into it though the scope and its impact are less known due to the